New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p. 286. The first train leaves each terminus at 5:30 a.m. On some lines additional trains start from an intermediate station. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. It was the first with platform screen doors to prevent suicides and accidents. Lines 7, 8 and 9 would connect commercial and office districts around the Opéra to residential areas in the north-east and the south-west. The Japanese adopted rubber-tired metros (with their own technology and manufacturing firms) to systems in Kobe, Sapporo, and parts of Tokyo. It is possible that "Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain" was copied from the name of London's pioneering underground railway company,[citation needed] the Metropolitan Railway, which had been in business for almost 40 years prior to the inauguration of Paris's first line. St-Mandé (métro Paris) en cours de rénovation par Cramos.JPG 2,000 × 1,500; 946 KB St-Mandé (métro Paris) pendant décarrossage par Cramos.JPG 2,000 × 1,333; 893 KB St-Mandé (métro Paris) rénovée (affluence) par Cramos.JPG 2,000 × 1,500; 931 KB Stations of the former Nord-Sud network (Line 12 and Line 13) have higher ceilings, due to the former presence of a ceiling catenary. Paris forbade lines to the inner suburbs and, as a guarantee, Métro trains were to run on the right, as opposed to existing suburban lines, which ran on the left. Fares are sold at kiosks and at automated machines in the station foyer. Paris > Transportation > Métro > Fares & tickets. Many stations had not reopened by the 1960s and some closed for good. The first to receive this treatment was Louvre – Rivoli on line 1, which contains copies of the masterpieces on display at the museum. The Sacré-Coeur is the most famous Montmartre sight and a flagship Paris monument. World War II had a massive impact on the Métro. Fichier:P1340315 Paris XII gare de Paris-Bercy quai rwk.jpg ... Gare frigorifique Paris Bercy . - Correspondance avec la ligne 3 du métro. Meanwhile, the population became denser and traffic congestion grew massively. In addition to the projects already under construction or currently being actively studied, there have also been proposals for: The Métro has a cultural significance that goes well beyond the City of Paris. Five Paris Métro Lines (1, 4, 6, 11 and 14) run on a rubber tire system developed by the RATP in the 1950s, exported to the Montreal, Santiago, Mexico City and Lausanne metros. [15] In contrast to many other historical metro systems (such as New York, Madrid, London, and Boston), all lines have tunnels and operate trains with the same dimensions. The line runs between Saint-Lazare and Olympiades. Download or print a PDF-version of the map showing all the stations on line 10. Above-ground sections consist of elevated railway viaducts within Paris (on Lines 1, 2, 5 and 6) and the suburban ends of Lines 1, 5, 8, and 13. Heute hat die Pariser U-Bahn insgesamt 16 Linien mit insgesamt 219,9 km Streckenlänge. Metro Paris Tickets und Preise 2020: Die Metro ist das wichtigste Fortbewegungsmittel in Paris. The City of Paris deliberately chose the narrow size of the Metro tunnels to prevent the running of main-line trains; the city of Paris and the French state had historically poor relations. Since the Métro was built to comprehensively serve the city inside its walls, the stations are very close: 548 metres apart on average, from 424 m on Line 4[21] to one kilometre on the newer line 14, meaning Paris is densely networked with stations. Par : SD . Mehr Infos & Paris City Pass online buchen Line 8 was extended to Pointe du Lac in 2011, line 12 was extended to Aubervilliers in 2012 and line 4 was extended to Mairie de Montrouge in 2013. Stations de métro fermées, fréquences, attestation et masques. Bienvenüe's project was nearly completed during the 1920s. [citation needed] Trains travel on the right. Lines 13 and 7 are the only two on the network to be split in branches. [50] The success of Montreal "did much to accelerate the international subway boom" of the 1960s/1970s and "assure the preeminence of the French in the process. Der Bau des unteririschen U-Bahn-Netzes von Paris wurde am 4. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. Affluences mesure et communique en temps réel la fréquentation et le temps d'attente des lieux partenaires (bibliothèque, musée, piscine...) et permet de réserver facilement. #Métro #Ligne9 #Paris #RATP #Train #MF01 #MF67 For your safety. Electric power is supplied by a third rail which carries 750 volts DC. Paris Bercy is an ugly modern station built in 1977 primarily as motorail terminal. Mosaic doors, Fantastic labyrinth, And always, running. All visitors must comply with security checks. Paris planned three new lines and extensions of most lines to the inner suburbs, despite the reluctance of Parisians. Two original canopies still exist, at, A cast-iron balustrade decorated in plant-like motifs, accompanied by a ", Several of the iconic Guimard entrances have been given to other cities. The network grew saturated during the 1950s. Lines 7 and 13 have two terminal branches. Many Parisians worried that extending lines to industrial suburbs would reduce the safety of the city. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p155, 165, Bobrick, Benson. On 1 January 2006, a test was done with few lines opening at night on main stops only. An airport ticket is what you need! Whether it's a one-day ticket or a longer stay, there's something for every budget. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p148-9. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. Bobrick, Benson. “Wonderful drinks in a cool setting brimming with a quirky take on Parisian style, every cocktail lover should visit Little Red Door at least once.” Available in: Hardback. Attention Mesdames aux regards appuyés 90€ ! 1 Tag 12,00 €, 2 Tage 19,50 €, 3 Tage 26,65 €, 5 Tage 38,35 € (Kinder -50%),  >>ALLE METRO-TICKETS & PREISE AUF EINEN BLICK, Kombi Ticket Paris Visite & freier Eintritt zu 60 Museen, Sehenswürdigkeiten und Attraktionen in Paris mit dem Paris City Pass. “Ici Paris, merci Mme #Hidalgo. From. Access provided would be free, with a premium paid alternative offer proposed for a faster internet connection. It's very much a secondary station and not very busy, but it now handles the mainline intercité trains to Vichy & Clermont Ferrand, the (non-high-speed) TER regional trains to Lyon and Dijon as well as a few local trains. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p. 149. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Line 3 was an additional east–west line to the north of line 1 and line 5 an additional north to south line to the east of Line 4. Line 6 would run from Nation to Place d'Italie. Some stations are single-track, either due to difficult terrain (Saint-Georges), a narrow street above (Liège) or track loops (Église d'Auteuil). [11] This team proposed a network with a pattern of routes "resembling a cross enclosed in a circle" with axial routes following large boulevards. The Paris Métro runs mostly underground; surface sections include sections on viaduct in Paris (Lines 1, 2, 5 and 6) and at the surface in the suburbs (Lines 1, 5, 8 and 13). Veuillez préciser l'adresse souhaitée : From. On 11 May 1872 the Council endorsed the plan, but the French government turned down the plan. Die Métro-Linie 1 durchquerte Paris von Ost nach West zwischen vom "Porte de Vincennes" zum "Porte Maillot" um die Zuschauer zu den Olympischen Sommerspielen die im Stadion im Stadtwald von Paris "Bois de Vincennes" stattfanden zu befördern. Châtelet–Les Halles, with five Métro lines, three RER commuter rail and platforms up to 800 metres apart, is one of the world's largest metro stations. Die Kosten für die Lieferung nach Deutschland sind jedoch recht hoch (etwa 14,50 €) so das sich dies nur selten lohnt. Entrance to platforms is by automated gate, opened by smart cards and simple tickets. In 1999, the RER Line E was inaugurated. Avec l'affluence en gare de Bercy à Paris, certains voyageurs ne parviennent même pas à rentrer dans le hall. [13] Berlier recommended a special track gauge of 1,300 mm (4 ft 3 3⁄16 in) (versus the standard gauge of 1,435 mm or 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) to protect the system from national takeover, which inflamed the issue substantially. World War II forced authorities to abandon projects such as the extension of Line 4 and Line 12 to the northern suburbs. Bienvenüe's project consisted of 10 lines, which correspond to current Line 1 to 9. Fares include: On 26 June 2012 it was announced that the Métro would get Wi-Fi in most stations. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p141, Bobrick, Benson. A section opened in 1923 between Invalides and the Boulevard Saint-Germain before the plan was abandoned. Die letzte in … Fahrscheinheft (“Carnet”) mit 10 Tickets Kinder (unter 10 Jahre) 8,45 € Construction on this beautiful Gothic cathedral started in 1163 and took over 100 years to complete; in a collaborative process where the Catholic Church and the entire population of Paris participated—with money, work craft or knowledge. Because of the enormous cost of these two lines, the third planned line was abandoned and the authorities decided that later developments of the RER network would be more cheaply developed by the SNCF, alongside its continued management of other suburban lines. Bobrick, Benson. Départ du MF 67 n°13059 et croisement d'un MF 01 sur la ligne 9, à la station Havre-Caumartin. [28], The Métro has 214 kilometres (133 mi) of track[3] and 302 stations,[1] 62 connecting between lines. And still, running. Several extensions to the suburbs opened in the last years. Late in 2012, the Brookings Institution published its annual Global Metro Monitor (by Emilia Istrate and Carey Anne Nadeau), which estimates economic data for the 300 world metropolitan areas with the largest gross domestic product (GDP). Une circulation des trains MF67 à travers la station Havre - Caumartin de la ligne 9 du métro de Paris. Accès direct à plus de 50 musées et monuments de Paris et sa région ! [15] Such a large project required a private-public arrangement right from the outset – the city would build most of the permanent way, while a private concessionaire company would supply the trains and power stations, and lease the system (each line separately, for initially 39-year leases). Entrances to stations were designed in Art Nouveau style by Hector Guimard. The number of cars in each train varies line by line from three to six; most have five, and eight is possible on Line 14. In work started in 2007 and completed in November 2011, Line 1 was converted to driverless operation. However, be careful, you will have to pay more if you travel outside of Paris. [7] However, the system has generally poor accessibility, because most stations were built well before this became a consideration. - parisperdu . Bobrick, Benson. But not all of them. In general, stations were built near the surface by the cut-and-cover method, and are vaulted. Like the New York City Subway and in contrast with the London Underground the Paris Métro mostly uses two-way tunnels. Circular Paris. The risk of bombing meant the service between Place d'Italie and Étoile was transferred from Line 5 to Line 6, so that most of the elevated portions of the Métro would be on Line 6. [24], The loading gauge is small compared to those of newer metro systems (but comparable to that of early European metros), with capacities of between about 560 and 720 passengers per train on Lines 1–14. receives about 1,650 unique visitors and 2,805 (1.70 per visitor) page views per day which should earn about $13.00/day from advertising revenue.Estimated site value is $5,171.75.According to Alexa Traffic Rank is ranked number 319,664 in the world and 0.00033% of global Internet users visit it. Call … Find the perfect Quai De Metro stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Bobrick, Benson. Find the perfect Femme Metro stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. He wanted to honor Mary, hence the name Notre Dame … Construction began in November 1898. There are currently 83 of them. One of the three platforms at Porte des Lilas station is on a currently unused section of track, often used as a backdrop in films. is not optimized for mobile devices. Find the perfect Quai Metro Paris stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. During the 1980s, it developed Line D, which was the second line planned by the initial RER schedule, but serving Châtelet instead of République to reduce costs. Un grand merci à tous ceux qui ont une part, qu'elle soit petite ou grande, dans les 30 000 visites reçues par le sujet Métro depuis septembre 2008 ! [8] The disagreement lasted from 1856 to 1890. Line A became Line 12 and Line B Line 13. Concourses are decorated in Art Nouveau style defined at the Métro's opening in 1900. Zone : 1 - 3 : Do you want to make a single, one-way trip using any of the metro lines, the RER in Paris, the Île-de-France region’s bus lines (with the… Number of trips : 1 From 1.90€ Airport tickets Do you want to go to the Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle (CDG) or Orly (ORY) airports? The over-busy Belleville funicular tramway would be replaced by a new line, Line 11, extended to Châtelet. und besitzt 303 Stationen Im Stadtgebiet von Paris ist es nie weiter als 500 Meter zur nächsten Métro-Station (der Gehweg zur nächsten Métro-Station ist selten länger als 10-15 Minuten) ! The same conversion is on-going for Line 4, with an expected completion date in 2022. The solution in the 1960s was to revive a project abandoned at the end of the 19th century: joining suburban lines to new underground portions in the city centre as the Réseau Express Régional (regional express network; RER). On 23 March 1948, the CMP (the underground) and the STCRP (bus and tramways) merged to form the RATP, which still operates the Métro. The "rabbit of the subway" is an anthropomorphic rabbit visible on stickers on the doors of the trains since 1977 to advise passengers (especially children) of the risk of getting one's hands trapped when the doors are opening, as well as the risk of injury on escalators or becoming trapped in the closing doors. This plan called for a surface cable car system. Contains routes, schedules, journey times, etc. The original Art Nouveau entrances are iconic symbols of Paris. Skip to main content. Avec le Paris Museum Pass, vous entrez gratuitement dans plus de 50 musées et monuments.Disponible en formule 2, 4 ou 6 jours consécutifs, accédez aux principaux monuments de la capitale ainsi qu'aux collections permanentes et à certaines expositions temporaires des musées. Damit ihr euch im Dschungel der Metrotickets und Preise in Paris zurechtfindet, werde ich euch im Folgenden einen Überblick zu den Paris Metro Tickets 2020 (Stand: Oktober 2020) geben, die für Paris Besucher allgemein in Fragen kommen. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. Under the sun, yellow vests take the opportunity to picnic on the esplanade, music and the sound of foghorns. Juli 1900 anlässlich der Weltausstellung eröffnet. Station names are usually inscribed on metallic plaques in white letters on a blue background or in white tiles on a background of blue tiles. Mais garantir une faible densité, et le port obligatoire du masque, semble très compliqué. Stations within Paris are very close together to form a grid structure, ensuring that every point in the city is close to a metro station (less than 500 metres or 1,600 feet), but this makes the service slow 20 km/h (12 mph), except on Line 14 where the stations are farther apart and the trains travel faster. Lines 1, 4, 6, 11 and 14 have special adaptations to accommodate rubber-tyred trains. As in most French métro and tramway systems, trains drive on the right (SNCF trains run on the left track). RATP English version. Daher sollten Sie sich - auch wenn Ihnen dies möglicherweise zunächst unangenehm erscheint - unbedingt mit der U-Bahn, der METRO anfreunden, denn nichts bringt Sie schneller und sicherer zu Ihren Zielen. Most lines would be extended to the inner suburbs. The MP 51 prototype was built, testing both rubber-tyred metro and basic automatic driving on the voie navette. The average distance between stations is 562 m (1,844 ft). There is normally no system to collect or check tickets at the end of the journey, and tickets can be inspected at any point. As a result, Lines 2 and 6 now form a circle. Other notable examples include Bastille (line 1), Saint-Germain-des-Prés (line 4), Cluny – La Sorbonne (line 10) and Arts et Métiers (line 11). See the Paris metro map for line 10. The first to leave the city proper was Line 9, extended in 1934 to Boulogne-Billancourt; more followed in the 1930s. On the metro map you will find indication of accessibility. Line 1 and Line 4 were conceived as central east–west and north–south lines. An average interstation trip takes 58 seconds. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p135, Bobrick, Benson. The new Line 13 was inaugurated on 9 November 1976. : +33 (0)1 40 20 53 17 . Prior to 1845, the urban transport network consisted primarily of a large number of omnibus lines, consolidated by the French government into a regulated system with fixed and unconflicting routes and schedules. Le Métro De Paris Songtext. Between 1948 and 1967 the RATP installed standardised coloured metallic wall casings in 73 stations. Known during its conception as Eole (Est-Ouest Liaison Express), it is the fifth RER line. Be careful with … Rendez-vous dans l’appli RATP pour accéder à ce nouveau service et indiquer le niveau d’affluence sur vos trajets en métro, RER, bus ou tramways. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Quai Metro Paris sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Die Fahrscheine der "Carnets" sind nicht nominatif und können von mehreren Personen genutzt werden ! The Métro is operated by the Régie autonome des transports parisiens (RATP), a public transport authority that also operates part of the RER network, bus services, light rail lines and many bus routes. The exit from all stations is clearly marked as to the point beyond which possession of a ticket is no longer required. During construction in 1900, a minimum radius of curvature of just 75 metres was imposed, but even this low standard was not adhered to at Bastille and Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. The low speed virtually precludes feasible service to farther suburbs, which are serviced by the RER. Metro 5 and metro 10 at Paris – Austerlitz. Bienvenüe also planned a circular line, the ligne circulaire intérieure, to connect the six main-line stations. The short distance between metro stations slowed the network and made it unprofitable to build extensions. Distances between stations on the lengthened line 13 differ from that on other lines in order to make it more "express" and hence to extend it farther in the suburbs. Musée du Louvre, 75058 Paris - France. If you depict the metro lines and on a geographic map of the city, you will see a closed loop that does not represent a perfect circle. Designed by Hector Guimard in a style that caused some surprise and controversy in 1900, there are two main variants: Later stations and redecorations have brought increasingly simple styles to entrances. Line B was inaugurated on 26 February 1911. Lines 10, 11 and 14 were thus the three new lines envisaged under this plan. The Global Metro Monitor also provides estimates of the GDP per capita for each of the qualifying metropolitan areas. In 1979, the SNCF developed Line C by joining the suburban lines of the Gare d'Austerlitz and Gare d'Orsay, the latter being converted into a museum dedicated to impressionist paintings. Select from premium Femme Metro of the highest quality. Klasse. Es ist gleichzeitig ein symbolischer Ort, denn hier begann die Französische Revolution mit der Erstürmung der Bastille, die dann zwischen dem 14. Nord-Sud and CMP used compatible trains that could be used on both networks, but CMP trains used 600 volts third rail, and NS −600 volts overhead wire and +600 volts third rail. The oldest church in Paris, Saint-Pierre de Montmartre near Sacré-Coeur was built in 1147. Thanks to newer trains and better signalling, trains ran more frequently. The Place du Tertre is the most crowded tourist spot. Power is from a lateral third rail, 750 V DC, except on the rubber-tyred lines where the current is from guide bars. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. [2][6] It is one of the densest metro systems in the world, with 245 stations within the 86.9 km2 (34 sq mi) of the City of Paris. It took a long time to recover after liberation in 1944. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. From the outset walls have been used for advertising; posters in early stations are framed by coloured tiles with the name of the original operator (CMP or Nord Sud). Die Metro Paris ist größer als Sie denken und die Entfernungen sind viel weiter als Sie glauben. Höre Le Métro de Paris von Édith Piaf - La Môme De Paris. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p142-148, Bobrick, Benson. And in the Métro—the Paris subway—They have the prettiest verbal nicety:They call Rush HoursLes Heures d' Affluence. Stations on the newest sections (Line 14), built at depth, comprise 120 m platforms, high ceilings and double-width platforms. The only original one on a metro station outside Paris is at, Classical stone balustrades were chosen for some early stations in prestigious locations (, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 11:24. On 31 January 1904, a second concession was granted to the Société du chemin de fer électrique souterrain Nord-Sud de Paris (Paris North-South underground electrical railway company), abbreviated to the Nord-Sud (North-South) company. The people that go and come. Select from premium Quai Metro Paris of the highest quality. Juli 1790 zerstört wurde. Like the RER lines designed by the RATP, nearly all stations offer connections with multiple Métro lines. La RATP se prépare à passer de 30 % actuellement à 75 % de service. Two lines, 7 and 13, have branches at the end, and trains serve every station on each line except when they are closed for renovations. Usage of circular line pattern is the main principle of the map's design. Auto-train en gare de Paris Bercy - Le Blog du Rail. It was quickly abbreviated to métro, which became a common word to designate all rapid transit systems in France and in many cities elsewhere (a genericized trademark). [citation needed]. ParisVisite Ticket für Parisbesucher. By the end of 1930, the CMP bought Nord-Sud. Many other metro systems (such as those of New York and London) adopted expanded tunnel dimensions for their newer lines (or used tunnels of multiple sizes almost from the outset, in the case of Boston), at the cost of operating incompatible fleets of rolling stock. Elevated (above-street) stations, in particular on Line 2 and Line 6, are built in brick and covered by platform awnings (Line 2) or glass canopies (Line 6). Klasse und 15 Centimes für die 2. Start the tour. The last Nord-Sud train set was decommissioned on 15 May 1972.[18]. Die Trasse der ersten Pariser Métro-Linie wurde direkt unter den großen Boulevards von Paris gegraben. These new lines were inaugurated in 1977 and their wild success outperformed all the most optimistic forecasts to the extent that line A is the most used urban rail line in the world with nearly 300 million journeys a year. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p148, Bobrick, Benson. This rabbit is now a cultural icon in Paris similar to the "mind the gap" phrase in London. While we generally take the RER into Paris, our friends want to take a cab. You can prepare your trip easily by booking the activities and excursions you're interested in online. The first renovations took place after the Second World War, when the installation of fluorescent lighting revealed the poor state of the original tiling. Answer 1 of 16: Check RATP website if you’re planning to go anywhere within Paris the next few days; possibility of transit strike..... (everyone wants a piece of the action, I … The population boomed from 1950 to 1980. As a result, most of the stations are at least a kilometre apart. The tunnels follow the twists and turns of the streets above. The specifications established in 1900 required a very low minimum curve radius by railway standards, but even this was often not fully respected, for example near Bastille and Notre Dame de Lorette. The name métro was adopted in many languages, making it the most used word for a (generally underground) urban transit system. [51] Rubber-tired systems were adopted in Mexico City, Santiago, Lausanne, Turin, Singapore and other cities. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Quai Metro Paris in höchster Qualität. Known during its conception as Météor (Métro Est-Ouest Rapide), it is one of the two fully automatic lines within the network along with Line 1. Unlike many other subway systems (such as that of London), this system was designed from the outset as a system of (initially) nine lines. A handful of entrances have original architecture (Saint-Lazare), and a number are integrated into residential or standalone buildings (Pelleport). Peak hours and affluence. Der Fahrpreis betrug damals 25 Centimes für die 1. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. Die Métro befördert täglich 5,16 Millionen Personen (1,5 Milliarden pro Jahr !) The Metro is designed to provide local, point-to-point service in Paris proper and service into the city from some close suburbs. Answer 1 of 8: We arriving at CDG around 8:30 am this Thursday (yippee!). In 2018, the busiest stations were Saint-Lazare (46.7 millions of passengers), Gare du Nord (45.8), Gare de Lyon (36.9), Montparnasse – Bienvenüe (30.6), Gare de l'Est (21.4), Bibliothèque François Mitterrand (18.8), République (18.3), Les Halles (17.5), La Défense (16.0) and Bastille (13.2).[32]. The RATP line 1 map is designed to make your journeys easier; it is interactive and downloadable in PDF format. Den Pauschalfahrschein Paris Visite kann man an den Schaltern und in den Fahrkartenautomaten lösen. 1 - 6) . Metro 14 at Bibliothèque François Mitterrand. [12] Eventually the underground option emerged as the preferred solution because of the high cost of buying land for rights-of-way in central Paris required for elevated lines, estimated at 70,000 francs per metre of line for a 20-metre-wide railroad. Oktober 1898 unter Leitung von Fulgence Bienvenüe und Edmond Huet begonnen. Line C was built and renamed Line 14; that line was reorganised in 1937 with Lines 8 and 10. Members of international metro organizations, 1930–1950: first inner suburbs are reached, Bobrick, Benson. [24], Trains average 20 km/h (12.4 mph) with a maximum of 70 km/h (43 mph) on all but the automated driverless trains of Line 14, which average 40 km/h (25 mph) and reach 80 km/h (50 mph). In the late 1990s, the automated Line 14 was built to relieve RER A. It is the home stadium of Stade Français and, until 2019, of Red Star FC. If you take the RER C within the borders of Paris, then the standard metro ticket price applies, €1.90. Labyrinths of Iron: A History of the World's Subways. Under the sun, yellow vests take the opportunity to picnic on the esplanade, music and the sound of foghorns. New York: Newsweek Books, 1981. p. 151. Metro Tickets & Preise für die Pariser Metro 2020. The last train, often called the "balai" (broom) because it sweeps up remaining passengers, arrives at the terminus at 1:15 a.m., except on Fridays (since 7 December 2007),[25] Saturdays and on nights before a holiday, when the service ends at 2:15 a.m. On New Year's Eve, Fête de la Musique, Nuit Blanche and other events, some stations on Lines 1, 4, 6, 9 and 14 remain open all night.