Watteau is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. BIOGRAPHIE DE ANTOINE WATTEAU - Peintre français, Antoine Watteau est né le 1 janvier 1684. Biographie. Il est un des premiers représentants du mouvement rococo. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "to take the chill off his fingers", this sign for an art shop in Paris is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. However, London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. Jean-Antoine Watteau (UK: /ˈwɒtoʊ/, US: /wɒˈtoʊ/,[2][3] French: [ʒɑ̃ ɑ̃twan vato]; baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721)[4] was a French painter and draughtsman whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. Jean-Antoine Watteauwas born in the Valenciennes region north of France. A revived vogue for Watteau began in Europe during the Victorian era and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers and the World of Art. Son œuvre fut jugée dune si grande qualité quil fut élu comme membre de plein droit de lAcadémie. Ceres (Summer), c. 1717–1718, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. "Watteau" redirects here. In 1720, he travelled to London, England to consult Dr Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and a fan of Watteau's work. 1718, Getty Center, Los Angeles, La Boudeuse, ca. For the fictional character, see. [13][4], After a quarrel with Gillot, Watteau moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. En 1709, Watteau remporte le second prix de Rome. In 1712 he tried again and was considered so good that, rather than receiving the one-year stay in Rome for which he had applied, he was accepted as a full member of the Academy. [26] A revived vogue for Watteau began in England during the British Regency, and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers in France (Edmond de Goncourt having published a catalogue raisonné in 1875) and the World of Art union in Russia. We do know that from a very early age he showed a talent for drawing, and it is telling that some of his childhood sketches are believed to be of travelling salesmen or tonic-selling qua… Antoine Watteau (Jean-Antoine Watteau; Valenciennes, Francia, 1648 - Nogent-sur-Marne, id., 1721) Pintor francés. A major exhibition in Paris, Washington and Berlin commemorated the 1984 tercentenary of his birth. [10][15] He took those five years to deliver the required "reception piece", but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. There he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition; it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique. Jean-Antoine Watteau est le deuxième des quatre fils de Jean-Philippe Watteau (1660-1720), maître-couvreur, marchand de tuiles, et de Michelle Lardenois (1653-1727). Il est mort le 1 janvier 1721. During his stay at the workshop, he took interest in creating his own style of painting. In any case, Watteau never made any references to his family in his work. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished. The notable elements that make Watteau's style unique are the combination of his lofty content and brightly colored landscapes. Antoine Watteau - Antoine Watteau - Watteau’s Cythera. Turner was among his admirers. Jean-Antoine Watteau was the innovative artist who extended Rococo beyond architecture, interior design and sculpture to the canvas. Le reste ne s'appuie que sur les témoignages, parfois contradictoires, de ses contemporains, sans qu'il ait été possible de les valider par des documents d'archive. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. His father was a tiler, who expected his son to become a carpenter or a tiler like himself. 1716–1717, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Les Plaisirs du Bal, ca. 1717–1720, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Quellnymphe, ca. His drawings, typically executed in trois crayons technique, were collected and admired even by those, such as count de Caylus or Gersaint, who found fault with his paintings. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera, one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" Instead, he was sent to apprentice with painter Jacques Albert Gerin. The oil painting shows an actor playing a guitar on a stone bench looking across at a couple locked in an amorous embrace. For further discussion of Watteau's early years in Paris, see. Link To This Page | In 1720, he travelled to London, England, to consult Dr. Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and an admirer of Watteau's work. A catalogue raisonné of Watteau's drawings has been compiled by Pierre Rosenberg and Louis-Antoine Prat, replacing the one by Sir Karl Parker and Jacques Mathey;[27] similar projects on his paintings are undertaken by Alan Wintermute[28] and Martin Eidelberg,[29] respectively. and Mezzetin. Viewed from left to right, she is first seen seated in a wooden chair, playing a guitar. Trois ans plus tard, en 1712, il postule de nouveau. Showing an early interest in painting, he was apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter. Biography. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters that he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. Biography of WATTEAU, Antoine (b. His many imitators, such as Nicolas Lancret and Jean-Baptiste Pater, borrowed his themes but could not capture his spirit. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography (1684-1721) A French rococo artist whose charming and graceful Watteau paintings show his interest in theater and ballet, Jean-Antoine Watteau is probably best known for his fetes gallants. Quant à la chron… [17] His influence on later generations of painters may have been less apparent in France than in England, where J.M.W. In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (its actors had been expelled from France several years before), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. Biographie : Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d’Antoine Watteau, est un peintre français devenu célèbre par ses représentations de « fêtes galantes ». He lacked aristocratic patrons; his buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. [16], Watteau then went to live with the collector Crozat, who eventually on his death in 1740 left around 400 paintings and 19,000 drawings by the masters. Interestingly, while Watteau's paintings seem to epitomize the aristocratic elegance of the Régence (though he actually lived most of his short life under the oppressive climate of Louis XIV's later reign), he never had aristocratic patrons. [31], La Perspective (View through the Trees in the Park of Pierre Crozat), ca. [30], Marriage Contract and Country Dancing, ca. Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". The action is watched by a small dog in the corner. He showed the painting to Audran, who made light of it, and advised him not to waste his time and gifts on such subjects. BIOGRAPHIE Jean Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. Antoine Watteau (né en 1684 et mort en 1721) est un peintre français du 18ème siècle. Watteau was a prolific draftsman. LAcadémie créera un genre spécialement pour lui : la \" f… [20], Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. In 1703 he was employed as an assistant by the painter Claude Gillot, whose work represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. 1719–1721, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. L'Enseigne de Gersaint, ca. Upload Missing Images. 1720–1721, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. [4] This helped disseminate his influence round Europe and into the decorative arts. 1684, Valenciennes, d. 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) It is generally agreed that Watteau was the Jean-Antoine Watteau baptised on October 10, 1684 in Valenciennes at the Eglise de Saint-Jacques. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. The Italian Comedians, ca. If his immediate followers (Lancret and Pater) would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. 1715–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg[32], Pilgrimage to Cythera, ca. Il réalise beaucoup de commandes pour les communautés religieuses et les notables de la ville. Since he was a novice in the industry, H… In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. 1717, National Gallery, London, The Robber of the Sparrow's Nest, ca. Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. 1718, private collection, The Love Song, ca. Par la suite, le peintre aura la possibilité détudier toute une série de toiles baroques de Rubens, qui le marquent profondément. Although his mature paintings seem to be so many depictions of frivolous fêtes galantes, they in fact display a sober melancholy, a sense of the ultimate futility of life, that makes him, among 18th century painters, one of the closest to modern sensibilities. Watteau was born in the town of Valenciennes in 1684. WATTEAU, ANTOINE (1684-1721), French painter, was born in Valenciennes, of humble Flemish origin. The painting may be read as Watteau's wry comment on his mortal illness. [4] The quality of the reproductions, using a mixture of engraving and etching following the practice of the Rubens engravers, varied according to the skill of the people employed by Jullienne, but was often very high. [10], In 1709, Watteau tried to obtain a one-year stay in Rome by winning the Prix de Rome from the Academy, but managed only to get awarded with the second prize. Watteau was born in October 1684[a] in the town of Valenciennes[1] which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. Thus Watteau was able to spend even more time becoming familiar with the works of Rubens and the Venetian masters. Son père, souvent querelleur, boit volontiers et se montre violent, ne devant probablement pas épargner à ses fils des coups, ce qui peut expliquer le repli intérieur du jeune Jean-Antoine et une phtisie précoce, l'influence de cette maladie se retrouvant dans le psychisme et dans les tableaux du peintre . [10], His drawings attracted the attention of the painter Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he was employed as an assistant to Gillot, whose work, imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance, represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. Such a comprehensive record was hitherto unparalleled. Antoine Watteau, in full Jean-Antoine Watteau, (born Oct. 10, 1684, Valenciennes, France—died July 18, 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne), French painter who typified the … Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography October 10, 1684, supposed day of Watteau’s birth, is actually the date he was baptized at the church of St. Jacques in Valenciennes. It has been described as Watteau's Las Meninas, in that the theme appears to be the promotion of art. Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. Gowing, Lawrence, and Michel Laclotte. Jean-Antoine Watteau est le deuxième des quatre fils de Jean-Philippe Watteau (1660-1720), maître-couvreur, marchand de tuiles, et de Michelle Lardenois (1653-1727). He was born to the family of Jean-Phillip Watteau in October 1684. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. In Valenciennes he painted a number of the small camp-pieces, notably the Camp-Fire, which was again bought by Sirois, the price this time being raised to 200 livres. The painting was sold at auction on July 8, 2008, for 15 millions of Euros, set a world record price for the artist. Watteau. Cette page fournit une liste de tableaux du peintre français Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d’Antoine Watteau (1684-1721). In fact he had been sickly and physically fragile since childhood. 1712, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Dance, ca. 1987. 1684-1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau est né à Valenciennes en 1684 dans une famille de maîtres-couvreurs. [1] Watteau left for Paris in 1702. In 1702 he left his hometown for the French capital Paris. Jean-Antoine Watteau is credited with extending the bounds of the Rococo era beyond architecture, furniture and sculpture and into painting. Vers 1707-1708 il entre chez Claud… The Abbé said Watteau was semi conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air. C'est un des plus grands représentants du rococo, il a produit près de 700 tableaux.Ses sujets favoris sont les paysages, le romantisme et les fêtes. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot or Gilles, with his slowly fading smile, seems a confused actor who appears to have forgotten his lines; he has materialized into the fearful reality of existence, sporting as his only armor the pathetic clown costume. The Abbé said Watteau was semi-conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air.[21]. Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. [17] "A Watteau sets record at £12.36 million in an uneven Old Masters sale", "A Weight of Evidence: An Interview with Dr. Martin Eidelberg on the Watteau Abecedario", "Marriage Contract and Country Dance - The Collection - Museo Nacional del Prado", "Subjects, Society, Style: Changing Evaluations of Watteau and His Art", Alphabetical list of accepted paintings and copies at A Watteau Abecedario, Watteau paintings at the Web Gallery of Art, Works by Watteau in the collection of the, http://watteau-abecedario.org/default.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Watteau&oldid=993475415, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martin Eidelberg, watteauandhiscircle.org, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:21. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Séailles, Gabriel, 1852-1922. He found a purchaser, at the modest price of 60 livres, in a man called Sirois, the father-in-law of his later friend and patron Edme-François Gersaint, and was thus enabled to return to the home of his childhood. According to the 1911 Britannica, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. [11][12] In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (which moved onto the théâtre de la foire following the Comédie-Italienne departure in 1697), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. and Mezzetin. Some of his best known subjects were drawn from the world of Italian comedy and ballet. A la mort de Gérin, en 1702, Watteau s’installe à Paris et poursuit ses études chez un graveur et décorateur de théâtre, Claude Gillot. According to Konody's critical assessment in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, in part, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. 1716–1718, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Actors of the Comédie-Française, between 1711–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Fêtes Vénitiennes, ca. [10] At the palace, Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. The twist of her upper body is emphasised by the sharp turn of her head, and as she looks over her shoulder, her eyes cast down. Chronologie. 1718–1719, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. [24] Famously, the Victorian essayist Walter Pater wrote of Watteau: "He was always a seeker after something in the world, that is there in no satisfying measure, or not at all."[25]:414. Watteau left for Paris in 1702. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot (Gilles), is an actor in a white satin costume who stands isolated from his four companions, staring ahead with an enigmatic expression on his face. Watteau returned to France, spending six months with Gersaint,[17] and then spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721, perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis, at the age of 36. [18], Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera (one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin), are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. [22] Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". : In 1712 Watteau tried once more to go to Italy. 1718–1719, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Love Lesson, ca. Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes. Il est un des créateurs représentants du mouvement rocaille. Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes by Professor Chris Rauseo. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. [19] The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished, and the gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris, by Jean Ferré, and London, by Dr. Selby Whittingham. La Surprise, painted around 1718, was known only through a copy in the collection at Buckingham Palace in London before the original was found during a valuation in 2007. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. 1711–1712, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, and from him Watteau acquired his knowledge of decorative art and ornamental design. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. François Watteau est le fils de Louis Joseph Watteau et le petit-fils de Noël Joseph Watteau (1689-1756), frère de Jean-Antoine Watteau.C'est donc le petit-neveu du peintre des fêtes galantes. The elder Watteau forbid his son permission to visit the workshop of the village painter. (From Wikipedia), Copyright © 2002-2017 jean-antoine-watteau.org, This website is licensed under a Creative Commons License, This website is licensed under a Creative Commons LicenseCopyright © 2002-2017 jean-antoine-watteau.org, Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography | Life, Paintings, Influence on Art | jean-antoine-watteau.org, Order a Hand-Painted Reproduction of this Painting. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, where Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. 1711, Prado Museum, Madrid. He did not attend formal education. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Ses dessins sont assez rares mais on trouve beaucoup de scènes champêtres. In 1709 Watteau tried to obtain the Prix de Rome and was rejected by the Academy. Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. He found no jobs and decided to work in a workshop at the Pont Notre Dame. 1717, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, La Surprise, ca. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "in eight days, working only in the mornings ... in order to warm up his fingers",[19] this sign for the shop in Paris of the paintings dealer Edme François Gersaint is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. 1715, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mezzetino, ca. Il commence son apprentissage de peintre à l’âge de dix ans chez Jacques-Albert Gérin, peintre valenciennois. His buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. [23] If his immediate followers, Lancret and Pater, would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. Son goût pour les personnages de théâtre et les fêtes galantes trouve probablement ses racines dans cet apprentissage. Born in Valenciennes, a city in northeast France that before 1678 had been part of Flanders, Jean-Antoine Watteau would always somewhat identify as a Flamand. [14] In 1712 he tried again and was persuaded by Charles de La Fosse that he had nothing to learn from going to Rome; thanks to Fosse he was accepted as an associate member of the Academy in 1712 and a full member in 1717. Watteau, Jean-Antoine - Les Plaisirs du Bal - Google Art Project (detail, the lady in black dress, the boy servant, and the dog).jpg 729 × 731; 328 KB Watteau, Jean-Antoine - Les Plaisirs du Bal - Google Art Project.jpg 4,625 × 3,697; 7.38 MB His father, a master tiler, was a violent man and perhaps this had a formative effect on his son. Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. However London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. En 1717 il présenta son morceau de réception, le fameux \"Pèlerinage à lîle de Cythère\" , toile mélancolique et mystérieuse. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris and London. [8] Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. Une des principales sources de renseignements sur sa vie est la biographie rédigée par son ami le comte de Caylus. [4] In 1726 and 1728, Jean de Jullienne published suites of etchings after Watteau's drawings, and in 1735 he published a series of engravings after his paintings, The Recueil Jullienne. [citation needed], Pierrot Content, ca. Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d'Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. Louis Joseph Watteau meurt le 27 août 1798 (10 fructidor de l'an VI) dans son logement de l'école centrale de Lille, rue des Arts. The French painter Antoine Watteau was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. He did not succeed, but he was accepted by the Académie as a painter of fêtes galantes—outdoor entertainments in which the courtiers often dressed in rural costumes—for his presentation of a scene depicting actors in a garden. Style de peinture. On se perd dans les détails parfois contradictoires de sa biographie, dans l'histoire complexe de ses relations, parfois orageuses, avec ses amis, ses condisciples, ses maîtres et ses protecteurs, complexité qui reflète l'instabilité de son caractère et de son humeur. His nephew, Louis Joseph Watteau, son of Antoine's brother Noël Joseph Watteau (1689–1756), and grand nephew, François-Louis-Joseph Watteau, son of Louis, followed Antoine into painting. Watteau determined to leave him, advancing as excuse his desire to return to Valenciennes. [4], During this period Watteau painted The Departing Regiment, the first picture in his second and more personal manner, showing influence of Rubens, and the first of a long series of camp pictures. These romantic and idealized scenes depict elaborately costumed ladies and gentlemen at play in fanciful outdoor settings.