The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. In any case, Watteau never made any references to his family in his work. Par la suite, le peintre aura la possibilité détudier toute une série de toiles baroques de Rubens, qui le marquent profondément. Il est un des premiers représentants du mouvement rococo. According to Konody's critical assessment in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, in part, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. [4] In 1726 and 1728, Jean de Jullienne published suites of etchings after Watteau's drawings, and in 1735 he published a series of engravings after his paintings, The Recueil Jullienne. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera (one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin), are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" [4] This helped disseminate his influence round Europe and into the decorative arts. [30], Marriage Contract and Country Dancing, ca. In 1720, he travelled to London, England, to consult Dr. Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and an admirer of Watteau's work. Une des principales sources de renseignements sur sa vie est la biographie rédigée par son ami le comte de Caylus. Antoine fled his home town with dreams of fame and fortune in Paris. : In 1712 Watteau tried once more to go to Italy. These romantic and idealized scenes depict elaborately costumed ladies and gentlemen at play in fanciful outdoor settings. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". 1712, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Dance, ca. Afterward he moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. Since he was a novice in the industry, H… BIOGRAPHIE DE ANTOINE WATTEAU - Peintre français, Antoine Watteau est né le 1 janvier 1684. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, where Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. Il réalise beaucoup de commandes pour les communautés religieuses et les notables de la ville. Une petite poignée d'éléments précis jalonnent la biographie de Watteau. His drawings, typically executed in trois crayons technique, were collected and admired even by those, such as count de Caylus or Gersaint, who found fault with his paintings. The elder Watteau forbid his son permission to visit the workshop of the village painter. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. 1684-1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau est né à Valenciennes en 1684 dans une famille de maîtres-couvreurs. 1718–1719, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. [8] Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. However London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "to take the chill off his fingers", this sign for an art shop in Paris is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. Biographie. Watteau was born in the town of Valenciennes in 1684. 1718–1719, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Love Lesson, ca. Such a comprehensive record was hitherto unparalleled. We do know that from a very early age he showed a talent for drawing, and it is telling that some of his childhood sketches are believed to be of travelling salesmen or tonic-selling qua… Watteau is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. [11][12] In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (which moved onto the théâtre de la foire following the Comédie-Italienne departure in 1697), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. [10] At the palace, Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. [17] His influence on later generations of painters may have been less apparent in France than in England, where J.M.W. [4] The quality of the reproductions, using a mixture of engraving and etching following the practice of the Rubens engravers, varied according to the skill of the people employed by Jullienne, but was often very high. Jean-Antoine Watteau is credited with extending the bounds of the Rococo era beyond architecture, furniture and sculpture and into painting. Gowing, Lawrence, and Michel Laclotte. 1716–1718, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Actors of the Comédie-Française, between 1711–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Fêtes Vénitiennes, ca. Viewed from left to right, she is first seen seated in a wooden chair, playing a guitar. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Séailles, Gabriel, 1852-1922. and Mezzetin. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. Ceres (Summer), c. 1717–1718, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. "Watteau" redirects here. A la mort de Gérin, en 1702, Watteau s’installe à Paris et poursuit ses études chez un graveur et décorateur de théâtre, Claude Gillot. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Watteau returned to France and spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721 perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis at the age of 36. Cette page fournit une liste de tableaux du peintre français Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d’Antoine Watteau (1684-1721). Il est mort le 1 janvier 1721. 1715–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg[32], Pilgrimage to Cythera, ca. 1716–1717, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Les Plaisirs du Bal, ca. Il commence son apprentissage de peintre à l’âge de dix ans chez Jacques-Albert Gérin, peintre valenciennois. En 1709, Watteau remporte le second prix de Rome. 1715, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mezzetino, ca. In 1712 he tried again and was considered so good that, rather than receiving the one-year stay in Rome for which he had applied, he was accepted as a full member of the Academy. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. [31], La Perspective (View through the Trees in the Park of Pierre Crozat), ca. François Watteau est le fils de Louis Joseph Watteau et le petit-fils de Noël Joseph Watteau (1689-1756), frère de Jean-Antoine Watteau.C'est donc le petit-neveu du peintre des fêtes galantes. 1717–1720, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Quellnymphe, ca. and Mezzetin. Watteau determined to leave him, advancing as excuse his desire to return to Valenciennes. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical, Rococo. [18], Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. Biography of WATTEAU, Antoine (b. Jean-Antoine Watteau was the innovative artist who extended Rococo beyond architecture, interior design and sculpture to the canvas. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris and London. Son goût pour les personnages de théâtre et les fêtes galantes trouve probablement ses racines dans cet apprentissage. In fact he had been sickly and physically fragile since childhood. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography October 10, 1684, supposed day of Watteau’s birth, is actually the date he was baptized at the church of St. Jacques in Valenciennes. He found a purchaser, at the modest price of 60 livres, in a man called Sirois, the father-in-law of his later friend and patron Edme-François Gersaint, and was thus enabled to return to the home of his childhood. In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (its actors had been expelled from France several years before), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. In 1703 he was employed as an assistant by the painter Claude Gillot, whose work represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. According to the 1911 Britannica, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". His father, a master tiler, was a violent man and perhaps this had a formative effect on his son. [10], His drawings attracted the attention of the painter Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he was employed as an assistant to Gillot, whose work, imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance, represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. C'est un des plus grands représentants du rococo, il a produit près de 700 tableaux.Ses sujets favoris sont les paysages, le romantisme et les fêtes. In 1709 Watteau tried to obtain the Prix de Rome and was rejected by the Academy. He was born to the family of Jean-Phillip Watteau in October 1684. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. He then repeats this pose from a slightly different angle. LAcadémie créera un genre spécialement pour lui : la \" f… The Italian Comedians, ca. Watteau left for Paris in 1702. He lacked aristocratic patrons; his buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. Biography. A catalogue raisonné of Watteau's drawings has been compiled by Pierre Rosenberg and Louis-Antoine Prat, replacing the one by Sir Karl Parker and Jacques Mathey;[27] similar projects on his paintings are undertaken by Alan Wintermute[28] and Martin Eidelberg,[29] respectively. Style de peinture. The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot or Gilles, with his slowly fading smile, seems a confused actor who appears to have forgotten his lines; he has materialized into the fearful reality of existence, sporting as his only armor the pathetic clown costume. He showed the painting to Audran, who made light of it, and advised him not to waste his time and gifts on such subjects. He did not attend formal education. Son père, souvent querelleur, boit volontiers et se montre violent, ne devant probablement pas épargner à ses fils des coups, ce qui peut expliquer le repli intérieur du jeune Jean-Antoine et une phtisie précoce, l'influence de cette maladie se retrouvant dans le psychisme et dans les tableaux du peintre . Watteau. Antoine Watteau, in full Jean-Antoine Watteau, (born Oct. 10, 1684, Valenciennes, France—died July 18, 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne), French painter who typified the … [13][4], After a quarrel with Gillot, Watteau moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. His buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. BIOGRAPHIE Jean Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. [1] Watteau left for Paris in 1702. [10][15] He took those five years to deliver the required "reception piece", but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. Upload Missing Images. 1711–1712, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid. In 1702 he left his hometown for the French capital Paris. It has been described as Watteau's Las Meninas, in that the theme appears to be the promotion of art. The French painter Antoine Watteau was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. "A Watteau sets record at £12.36 million in an uneven Old Masters sale", "A Weight of Evidence: An Interview with Dr. Martin Eidelberg on the Watteau Abecedario", "Marriage Contract and Country Dance - The Collection - Museo Nacional del Prado", "Subjects, Society, Style: Changing Evaluations of Watteau and His Art", Alphabetical list of accepted paintings and copies at A Watteau Abecedario, Watteau paintings at the Web Gallery of Art, Works by Watteau in the collection of the, http://watteau-abecedario.org/default.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Watteau&oldid=993475415, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martin Eidelberg, watteauandhiscircle.org, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:21. WATTEAU, ANTOINE (1684-1721), French painter, was born in Valenciennes, of humble Flemish origin. Antoine Watteau (né en 1684 et mort en 1721) est un peintre français du 18ème siècle. The Abbé said Watteau was semi-conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air.[21]. He took five years to deliver the required "reception piece," but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. Although his mature paintings seem to be so many depictions of frivolous fêtes galantes, they in fact display a sober melancholy, a sense of the ultimate futility of life, that makes him, among 18th century painters, one of the closest to modern sensibilities. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography (1684-1721) A French rococo artist whose charming and graceful Watteau paintings show his interest in theater and ballet, Jean-Antoine Watteau is probably best known for his fetes gallants. [4], During this period Watteau painted The Departing Regiment, the first picture in his second and more personal manner, showing influence of Rubens, and the first of a long series of camp pictures. He was the son of Jean-Philippe Watteau, master roofer and carpenter, who knew how to read and write, and was officially registered as … The painting was sold at auction on July 8, 2008, for 15 millions of Euros, set a world record price for the artist. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. Turner was among his admirers. Très choyé de son temps par un petit groupe d'admirateurs, auréolé d'une légende romantique par le xixes., Watteau demeure de nos jours presque un inconnu malgré les prix fabuleux atteints par ses toiles ou le moindre de ses dessins. 1711, Prado Museum, Madrid. [23] If his immediate followers, Lancret and Pater, would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. After a period spent as a scene-painter, and in poor healt… 1718, private collection, The Love Song, ca. Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to … Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". Jean-Antoine Watteau (UK: /ˈwɒtoʊ/, US: /wɒˈtoʊ/,[2][3] French: [ʒɑ̃ ɑ̃twan vato]; baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721)[4] was a French painter and draughtsman whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens.