In 1702 he left his hometown for the French capital Paris. [citation needed], Pierrot Content, ca. 1711–1712, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid. 1684-1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau est né à Valenciennes en 1684 dans une famille de maîtres-couvreurs. In 1712 he tried again and was considered so good that, rather than receiving the one-year stay in Rome for which he had applied, he was accepted as a full member of the Academy. Watteau's silvery sketches depict three studies of the same model. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography October 10, 1684, supposed day of Watteau’s birth, is actually the date he was baptized at the church of St. Jacques in Valenciennes. [13][4], After a quarrel with Gillot, Watteau moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. In fact he had been sickly and physically fragile since childhood. Antoine Watteau, in full Jean-Antoine Watteau, (born Oct. 10, 1684, Valenciennes, France—died July 18, 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne), French painter who typified the … [24] Famously, the Victorian essayist Walter Pater wrote of Watteau: "He was always a seeker after something in the world, that is there in no satisfying measure, or not at all."[25]:414. En 1709, Watteau remporte le second prix de Rome. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. Quant à la chron… His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to … 1718–1719, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Love Lesson, ca. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. These romantic and idealized scenes depict elaborately costumed ladies and gentlemen at play in fanciful outdoor settings. Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. The gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. [10], His drawings attracted the attention of the painter Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he was employed as an assistant to Gillot, whose work, imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance, represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. 1717, National Gallery, London, The Robber of the Sparrow's Nest, ca. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. However, London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. En 1717 il présenta son morceau de réception, le fameux \"Pèlerinage à lîle de Cythère\" , toile mélancolique et mystérieuse. His nephew, Louis Joseph Watteau, son of Antoine's brother Noël Joseph Watteau (1689–1756), and grand nephew, François-Louis-Joseph Watteau, son of Louis, followed Antoine into painting. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. His father was a tiler, who expected his son to become a carpenter or a tiler like himself. and Mezzetin. Une des principales sources de renseignements sur sa vie est la biographie rédigée par son ami le comte de Caylus. [4] This helped disseminate his influence round Europe and into the decorative arts. [30], Marriage Contract and Country Dancing, ca. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot (Gilles), is an actor in a white satin costume who stands isolated from his four companions, staring ahead with an enigmatic expression on his face. Ceres (Summer), c. 1717–1718, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. "Watteau" redirects here. Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. [20], Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. The painting was sold at auction on July 8, 2008, for 15 millions of Euros, set a world record price for the artist. If his immediate followers (Lancret and Pater) would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, where Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. A revived vogue for Watteau began in Europe during the Victorian era and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers and the World of Art. Il est mort le 1 janvier 1721. [8] Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. A major exhibition in Paris, Washington and Berlin commemorated the 1984 tercentenary of his birth. The notable elements that make Watteau's style unique are the combination of his lofty content and brightly colored landscapes. Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. [10], In 1709, Watteau tried to obtain a one-year stay in Rome by winning the Prix de Rome from the Academy, but managed only to get awarded with the second prize. He found no jobs and decided to work in a workshop at the Pont Notre Dame. 1717–1720, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Quellnymphe, ca. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Séailles, Gabriel, 1852-1922. He did not attend formal education. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. He took five years to deliver the required "reception piece," but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. It has been compared with Las Meninas as a meditation on art and illusion. Antoine Watteau - Antoine Watteau - Watteau’s Cythera. He did not succeed, but he was accepted by the Académie as a painter of fêtes galantes—outdoor entertainments in which the courtiers often dressed in rural costumes—for his presentation of a scene depicting actors in a garden. Antoine Watteau (né en 1684 et mort en 1721) est un peintre français du 18ème siècle. Son père, souvent querelleur, boit volontiers et se montre violent, ne devant probablement pas épargner à ses fils des coups, ce qui peut expliquer le repli intérieur du jeune Jean-Antoine et une phtisie précoce, l'influence de cette maladie se retrouvant dans le psychisme et dans les tableaux du peintre . Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". We do know that from a very early age he showed a talent for drawing, and it is telling that some of his childhood sketches are believed to be of travelling salesmen or tonic-selling qua… Watteau is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". He found a purchaser, at the modest price of 60 livres, in a man called Sirois, the father-in-law of his later friend and patron Edme-François Gersaint, and was thus enabled to return to the home of his childhood. "A Watteau sets record at £12.36 million in an uneven Old Masters sale", "A Weight of Evidence: An Interview with Dr. Martin Eidelberg on the Watteau Abecedario", "Marriage Contract and Country Dance - The Collection - Museo Nacional del Prado", "Subjects, Society, Style: Changing Evaluations of Watteau and His Art", Alphabetical list of accepted paintings and copies at A Watteau Abecedario, Watteau paintings at the Web Gallery of Art, Works by Watteau in the collection of the, http://watteau-abecedario.org/default.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Watteau&oldid=993475415, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martin Eidelberg, watteauandhiscircle.org, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:21. La Surprise, painted around 1718, was known only through a copy in the collection at Buckingham Palace in London before the original was found during a valuation in 2007. : In 1712 Watteau tried once more to go to Italy. 1718–1719, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. BIOGRAPHIE Jean Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d'Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera, one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Watteau was a prolific draftsman. Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes by Professor Chris Rauseo. The Abbé said Watteau was semi-conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air.[21]. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. [17] Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. Le reste ne s'appuie que sur les témoignages, parfois contradictoires, de ses contemporains, sans qu'il ait été possible de les valider par des documents d'archive. 1711, Prado Museum, Madrid. [4] In 1726 and 1728, Jean de Jullienne published suites of etchings after Watteau's drawings, and in 1735 he published a series of engravings after his paintings, The Recueil Jullienne. Jean-Antoine Watteau is credited with extending the bounds of the Rococo era beyond architecture, furniture and sculpture and into painting. Son œuvre fut jugée dune si grande qualité quil fut élu comme membre de plein droit de lAcadémie. [11][12] In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (which moved onto the théâtre de la foire following the Comédie-Italienne departure in 1697), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. [9] After a period spent as a scene-painter, and in poor health, he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition;[b] it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique. It has been described as Watteau's Las Meninas, in that the theme appears to be the promotion of art. Antoine Watteau (Jean-Antoine Watteau; Valenciennes, Francia, 1648 - Nogent-sur-Marne, id., 1721) Pintor francés. [31], La Perspective (View through the Trees in the Park of Pierre Crozat), ca. Afterward he moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. Instead, he was sent to apprentice with painter Jacques Albert Gerin. [19] The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished, and the gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. Biographie : Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d’Antoine Watteau, est un peintre français devenu célèbre par ses représentations de « fêtes galantes ». He showed the painting to Audran, who made light of it, and advised him not to waste his time and gifts on such subjects. He was the son of Jean-Philippe Watteau, master roofer and carpenter, who knew how to read and write, and was officially registered as … LAcadémie créera un genre spécialement pour lui : la \" f… Par la suite, le peintre aura la possibilité détudier toute une série de toiles baroques de Rubens, qui le marquent profondément. 1715, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mezzetino, ca. In 1720, he travelled to London, England, to consult Dr. Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and an admirer of Watteau's work. Très choyé de son temps par un petit groupe d'admirateurs, auréolé d'une légende romantique par le xixes., Watteau demeure de nos jours presque un inconnu malgré les prix fabuleux atteints par ses toiles ou le moindre de ses dessins. He was born to the family of Jean-Phillip Watteau in October 1684. The painting may be read as Watteau's wry comment on his mortal illness. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Il réalise beaucoup de commandes pour les communautés religieuses et les notables de la ville. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". Louis Joseph Watteau meurt le 27 août 1798 (10 fructidor de l'an VI) dans son logement de l'école centrale de Lille, rue des Arts. Showing an early interest in painting, he was apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter. Link To This Page | In fact he had been sickly and physically fragile since childhood. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. His many imitators, such as Nicolas Lancret and Jean-Baptiste Pater, borrowed his themes but could not capture his spirit. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "to take the chill off his fingers", this sign for an art shop in Paris is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. During his stay at the workshop, he took interest in creating his own style of painting. Jean-Antoine Watteau est le deuxième des quatre fils de Jean-Philippe Watteau (1660-1720), maître-couvreur, marchand de tuiles, et de Michelle Lardenois (1653-1727). On se perd dans les détails parfois contradictoires de sa biographie, dans l'histoire complexe de ses relations, parfois orageuses, avec ses amis, ses condisciples, ses maîtres et ses protecteurs, complexité qui reflète l'instabilité de son caractère et de son humeur. It is generally agreed that Watteau was the Jean-Antoine Watteau baptised on October 10, 1684 in Valenciennes at the Eglise de Saint-Jacques. Il est un des créateurs représentants du mouvement rocaille. 1716–1718, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Actors of the Comédie-Française, between 1711–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Fêtes Vénitiennes, ca. In Valenciennes he painted a number of the small camp-pieces, notably the Camp-Fire, which was again bought by Sirois, the price this time being raised to 200 livres. Born in Valenciennes, a city in northeast France that before 1678 had been part of Flanders, Jean-Antoine Watteau would always somewhat identify as a Flamand. Une petite poignée d'éléments précis jalonnent la biographie de Watteau. His buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. He then repeats this pose from a slightly different angle. 1719–1721, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. L'Enseigne de Gersaint, ca. Style de peinture. In 1709 Watteau tried to obtain the Prix de Rome and was rejected by the Academy. Il commence son apprentissage de peintre à l’âge de dix ans chez Jacques-Albert Gérin, peintre valenciennois. Vers 1707-1708 il entre chez Claud… In 1703 he was employed as an assistant by the painter Claude Gillot, whose work represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. Such a comprehensive record was hitherto unparalleled. 1718, Getty Center, Los Angeles, La Boudeuse, ca. However London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. Jean-Antoine Watteau est le deuxième des quatre fils de Jean-Philippe Watteau (1660-1720), maître-couvreur, marchand de tuiles, et de Michelle Lardenois (1653-1727). His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. [1] Watteau left for Paris in 1702. Gowing, Lawrence, and Michel Laclotte. 1717, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, La Surprise, ca. The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished. Since he was a novice in the industry, H… Il est un des premiers représentants du mouvement rococo. The French painter Antoine Watteau (1684-1721) was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. The French painter Antoine Watteau was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. 1987. Watteau returned to France, spending six months with Gersaint,[17] and then spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721, perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis, at the age of 36. C'est un des plus grands représentants du rococo, il a produit près de 700 tableaux.Ses sujets favoris sont les paysages, le romantisme et les fêtes. There he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition; it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique. In any case, Watteau never made any references to his family in his work. Watteau was born in the town of Valenciennes in 1684. [23] If his immediate followers, Lancret and Pater, would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. and Mezzetin. [26] A revived vogue for Watteau began in England during the British Regency, and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers in France (Edmond de Goncourt having published a catalogue raisonné in 1875) and the World of Art union in Russia. François Watteau est le fils de Louis Joseph Watteau et le petit-fils de Noël Joseph Watteau (1689-1756), frère de Jean-Antoine Watteau.C'est donc le petit-neveu du peintre des fêtes galantes.