Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. El espíritu Santo se dedica a traer gloria para Dios, e impartir "gloria" en el corazón de los creyentes. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. [27], In the paper and cellulose sector, Brazilian pulp production was 19.691 million tons in 2019. Industry consists mainly of canning, forestry, textiles, iron and steel works. A new runway and terminal were due at the end of 2007 but several budget inconsistencies were found and construction was halted. In the north of the state, beef cattle are raised and fattened, and there the meat industry was developed, whose meat is mainly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, in addition to supplying the region of Vitória. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. [citation needed] In São Mateus, petroleum reserves have been found on the continental shelf, and are being commercially exploited. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. VI-VIII.) The location of the port in the city center also results in schedule complications, with limitations resulting from traffic constraints. Subcategories. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). Small scale farming, which is turning increasingly towards agrotourism, is appealing to its Italian roots to exploit that market. Amerindian food has left its legacy in capixaba culture; the fish-based moqueca capixaba is the state dish, among other local typical seafood dishes. Volume 9, Page 34 A new species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae)from Bolivia. La Banco Do Estado Do Espirito Santo, ou Banestes, est une institution financière publique contrôlée par l'État qui possède plus de sept décennies d'expérience sur le marché financier brésilien. Large communities were established in the southern part of the state. With several discoveries made, mainly by Petrobras, the State left the fifth position in the Brazilian ranking of reserves, in 2002, to become one of the largest oil province in the country, with total reserves of 2.5 billion barrels. It was founded in 1551. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, which is a tourist location known for its sand dunes and forró tradition. More than a century after arriving to Espírito Santo, the East Pomeranian continues to be spoken and remains an important part of Espírito Santo's heritage for many people. Espírito Santo, directly translated to “Holy Spirit” in English, is a Brazilian state situated in the southeast of this intriguing South American country. Domingos Martins also hosts a Colonization Museum, where one can find old photos, artifacts and documents pertaining to that settlement movement. [25][26] In recent years, Espírito Santo has stood out in the production of oil and natural gas. The state's tourist activity is concentrated on the coast, where there are beaches, such as Itaúnas and Guarapari. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. It employs 168,357 workers in the industry. Espírito Santo[a] (UK: /ɛˌspɪrɪtuː ˈsæntuː/,[4] US: /əˌ- ... ˈsɑːn-/,[5] Portuguese: [esˈpiɾitu ˈsɐ̃tu] (listen);[b] meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. Its area includes the uninhabited offshore islands of … Chaque personne née dans l'État est connue sous le nom de Capixaba ou Espirito Santo. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. The federative units of Brazil (Portuguese: unidades federativas do Brasil) are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy (self-government, self-regulation and self-collection) and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil.There are 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal). The tertiary sector is underdeveloped throughout the state. There are important reserves of granite and an incipient extraction of natural gas and oil. The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic; Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected governor. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … [citation needed]. Vitória is one of the 32 airports in the Infraero network that has a cargo terminal. The pre-colonial Amerindians groups in Espírito Santo were the Tupiniquim, the Temininó, the Aymoré, the Puri and the Botocudo. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. Italian pasta and cheeses, like mozzarella, are produced locally. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. It also produces cassava, orange, and beans. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. 2. In 2020, Espírito Santo was the largest producer of Coffea canephora in Brazil, with a 66.3% share of the total (564.5 thousand tons, or 9.4 million 60 kg bags). It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). Faz fronteira com o oceano Atlântico a leste, com a Bahia ao norte, com Minas Gerais a oeste e noroeste, e com o estado do Rio de Janeiro ao sul. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. The road system is organized from the BR-101, which crosses Espírito Santo from north to south, bordering the coast. São Mateus, in the North of Espírito Santo, was the best placed city in the Southeast, as the 6th largest producer of roundwood for paper and cellulose in the country. They settled on Vitória Island and around the Bay of Vitória. They were the cities of Telêmaco Borba (PR), Três Lagoas (MS), Caravelas (BA), Mucuri (BA), Ortigueira (PR), São Mateus (ES), Dom Eliseu (PR), Nova Viçosa (BA), Water Clara (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS).[28][29]. Get this from a library! El Espíritu Santo, el don de Dios "Dios es Amor" (Jn 4,8-16) y el Amor que es el primer don, contiene todos los demás. Espírito Santo is home to the biggest community of East Pomeranian speakers in the world. He was followed by four other appointed governors (José Horácio Costa, Constante Gomes Sodré, Henrique da Silva Coutinho and Antônio Gomez Aguirre) until the first elected governor of Espírito Santo, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, was inaugurated on June 7, 1891. The state is often referred to by its official abbreviation, Largest cities or towns in Espírito Santo, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Imigração italiana por Estados e Regiões do Brasil (in Portuguese)", "Espírito Santo, lo stato più veneto del Brasile", Consulado italiano vai abrir dois escritórios em Vitória para agilizar pedidos de cidadania (in Portuguese), Sobre a composição étnica da população capixaba (in Portuguese), IBGE prevê safra recorde de grãos em 2020, Coagro espera a melhor safra da cana-de-açúcar dos últimos quatro anos, ACOMPANHAMENTO DA SAFRA BRASILEIRA DE CANA DE AÇÚCAR MAIO 2019, Custo de produção de banana no sudeste paraense, Composição do PIB do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio aumenta sua participação na produção nacional de petróleo e gás, Made in Espírito Santo: celulose capixaba é usada em papel até do outro lado do mundo, São Mateus é o 6º maior produtor de madeira em tora para papel e celulose no país, diz IBGE, DENATRAN - Frota nacional de veículos 2016, Número de aparelhos celulares ultrapassa 4 milhões no Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), "Significado das cores da bandeira capixaba", Brazilian Portal with information about Espírito Santo and Brazil, The German Colonists in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Espírito_Santo&oldid=993284090, States and territories established in 1889, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with empty sections from March 2018, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, capixaba, espiritossantense or espirito-santense, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 20:19. The volcanic islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 kilometers (444 mi) east of Vitória in the southern Atlantic Ocean, are part of Espírito Santo. Il n'existe pas, dans l'État d'Espirito Santo, d'industrie digne d'être mentionnée, sauf deux filatures et tissés de coton, une fabrique de savon, une d'huile et une brasserie â Victoria. The country exported 2.163 million tons. Brazil was already the 2nd largest producer of the fruit in the world, currently in 3rd place, losing only to India and Ecuador, and produced 6,7 million tons in the same year. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Il est limité par l'océan Atlantique à l'est, le Bahia au nord, le Minas Gerais au nord et à l'ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. "Capixaba" is Tupi for "corn hair", reportedly because the blond hair of the European settlers reminded the Amerindian natives of the golden color of corn. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. Espírito Santo, 9th place, had a production of 4.1 million m³. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 50%, followed by the industrial sector at 44%. Espírito Santo a l'océan Atlantique à l'est, Bahia au nord, Minas Gerais à l'ouest et au nord-ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. [citation needed]. [citation needed]. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. Microrégions [modifier | modifier le code] The Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, and named after a 16th century captaincy covering roughly the same area of coast. [citation needed]. These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. Tercero, el Espíritu Santo nos libera de la ignorancia y nos trae conocimiento. The total number of chickens in the state is approximately 9.2 million birds, and that of cattle exceeds 1.8 million heads. [21], In 2018 the state also produced cassava, in a small amount compared to Brazilian production: 115 thousand tons, with the country producing 17 million tons. Find what to do today or anytime in December. This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. [Elke Potthast-Hubold] Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. Et pourtant, poursuit Carta Capital, cet État d’Espírito Santo, qui comptait dans les années 1980 parmi les plus violents du Brésil, a mené depuis 2011 une politique intelligente de prévention et de respect des citoyens, couplant des mesures de sécurité à la prise en charge des jeunes dans les quartiers pauvres. [33], Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil. Urbanization: 82.2% (2006); Population growth: 2% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,056,000 (2006).[8]. The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. After the independence of Brazil in 1822, it became a province of the newly-established Empire of Brazil, and after Brazil became a republic in 1889, it was granted statehood. [7], The population density was 72.7 inhabitants per square kilometer (188/sq mi). The first German settlement, Santa Isabel, was founded in 1844, and still stands. [citation needed]. In the mountainous regions in the south and southwest of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are lower. [13][14], Brazil is the world's biggest productor of sugarcane, with 672 million tons/year. The state's subsoil is rich in minerals, including oil. The "Western Side" of the island contains many caves which can be explored, and cruise ships often stop in at Luganville . [18][19], Espírito Santo was the largest brazilian producer of papaya in 2018, with 354 thousand tons. The captaincy remained under the influence of Coutinho's family for 140 years. L'ÉTAT D'ESPIRITO SANTO (BRÉSIL) ESSAI DE DIVISIONS RÉGIONALES1 (Pl. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. — L'État d'Espirito Santo appartient à la même famille que l'État de Rio de Janeiro. Vitória (Portuguese pronunciation: [viˈtɔɾjɐ], Victory), spelled Victória until the 1940s, is the capital of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.It is located on a small island within a bay where a number of rivers meet the sea. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. In agricultural production, coffee, sugarcane, papaya, banana and coconut stands out. State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. Coastal cuisine is an attraction, with moqueca capixaba and other local seafood dishes among traditional offerings. Lately, a new type of tourism has gained prominence: gastronomic, in which typical Capixaba cuisine, heir to different cultures, is appreciated. Espírito Santo é um Estado do Sudeste do Brasil. Jesus Culture - Santo Espíritu (Holy Spirit) (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Nada vale mas que tu mi señor / No hay comparación eres nuestro vivir / Tu presencia / He probado, he visto de tu dulce amor / Donde yo libre soy y Un nouvel hybride naturel de Cattleya (Orchidaceae) de l´état d'Espírito Santo (Brésil) Volume 9, Page 30 A new Maxillaria from Colombia and Ecuador. A more mainstream explanation is that the name is a metaphor for a corn-grower; Vitória Island is known to have been full of corn plantations in the early centuries of Portuguese rule in Brazil. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. In May 1999 the first direct international freight connection to the United States The area contains some 26 large lakes, the biggest of which is called Juparanã Lake. This motto is a truncated version of the Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", well spread by Spanish Catholic missionary José de Anchieta, and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro, who was Governor of Espírito Santo from 1908 to 1912. Elle regroupe 22 municipalités groupées en 3 microrégions. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). Paper production was 10.535 million tons in 2019. In Vitória, ships sail in close proximity to cars and pedestrians. More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. more, State of Espirito Santo Bed and Breakfast, State of Espirito Santo Vacation Packages, Last Minute Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, Popular State of Espirito Santo Categories, State of Espirito Santo Ski-In / Ski-Out Hotels, Romantic Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 5-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 4-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 3-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Free Parking, Pet Friendly Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Pools, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Beach Suite Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Campgrounds, Family Resorts in State of Espirito Santo, Resorts on the Ocean in State of Espirito Santo, All things to do in State of Espirito Santo, Commonly Searched For in State of Espirito Santo, Nature & Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Sights & Landmarks in State of Espirito Santo, Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Tours & Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Theater & Concerts in State of Espirito Santo, Transportation in State of Espirito Santo, Boat Tours & Water Sports in State of Espirito Santo, Zoos & Aquariums in State of Espirito Santo, Amusement Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Beach & Pool Clubs in State of Espirito Santo, Horseback Riding Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Speed Boats Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Kayaking & Canoeing in State of Espirito Santo, Parasailing & Paragliding in State of Espirito Santo, Scuba & Snorkelling in State of Espirito Santo, Hiking & Camping Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Other Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Stand Up Paddleboarding in State of Espirito Santo, Canyoning & Rappelling Tours in State of Espirito Santo. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government slowly redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. The state has 30.1 thousand kilometers of highways, but only 10% are paved. During the first three centuries of Portuguese colonialism, the main cash crop was sugarcane, until coffee, in high demand in Europe, overtook it in the mid 19th century. The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. In 2020, Espírito Santo harvested almost 3 million tons. Espírito Santo is Brazil's highest steel-producing state. Tourist destinations include coastal areas such as Guarapari, Jacaraípe and Manguinhos, and mountain retreats such as Domingos Martins. [citation needed], In 2003, more than 1.2 million passengers used the airport, and in 2004 this rose to some 1.25 million. Together, they correspond to 72.7% of the national production of 85.1 million m³. The main river serving the state is the Doce (English: Sweet River). He arrived at the captaincy to serve his term on May 23, 1535, bringing a retinue of 60 soldiers, colonists, slaves and servants. Things to Do in State of Espirito Santo, Brazil: See Tripadvisor's 211,913 traveler reviews and photos of State of Espirito Santo tourist attractions. They have largely been absorbed into the Portuguese-Brazilian civilization, and few live in reservations or tribes. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. In 2016, the paper and cellulose industry in the South of the country represented 33% of the national total. It is one of the few flags in the world which use the colour pink. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. Brazil produced 1,06 million tons in the same year. The 10 largest industrial companies in Espírito Santo are: Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (mining), ArcelorMittal Tubarão (steel mill), Samarco Mineração (mining), Aracruz Celulose, Fertilizers Heringer, ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (steel mill), Escelsa (electricity distribution company), Garoto (the largest chocolate factory in Latin America and the most important industrial food company of the state) and Sol Coqueria. After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, and it was headed by an appointed provincial president. Français : L'Espírito Santo est un état brésilien. Although relatively small, the industrial park in Espírito Santo is home to chemical, metallurgical, food and paper and cellulose industries. C Cachoeiro Futebol Clube‎ (1 F) Catedral de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim‎ (2 F) Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. In 2018, U$ 920 million were traded in the sale of cellulose to the foreign market, the third strongest Espírito Santo product in the export balance. In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. To this day they continue centuries old customs within their communities. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. Zum Mundartgebrauch in Siedlungen pommerscher Auswanderer des 19. Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. [23]. In 2016, an ongoing drought over much of the state negatively impacted coffee and other crops. El Espíritu Santo deriva del latín Espiritus Sanctus que se refiere a la gracia divina que se revela para entrar en comunión con los creyentes con el fin de contactarse con Cristo o con Dios, en otras palabras, el Espíritu Santo es el que despierta la fe cristiana. About industry, Espírito Santo in 2017 had an industrial GDP of R$ 21.3 billion, equivalent to 1.8% of the national industry. État littoral montagneux et forestier. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. Since construction of its first section, finished in 1946, the airport has undergone several expansions and modernizations, but current demand has surpassed its capacity of 560 thousand passengers a year. However, Espírito Santo was still to play a significant part in the Brazilian abolitionist movement in the guise of the Espírito Santo's slave rebellion of 1848-1849, which demanded intervention of imperial troops. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. Now their descendants control a good share of the local commerce. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. Subcategories. Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport, which serves Vitória, is located on a plot of land just over 5.2 million square meters (1,300 acres). North of Doce River is generally drier and also hot. Champagne Beach draws tourists with its white sand and clear waters. Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa was appointed the first governor of the State by the provisional government. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza.